3(31).1 RATIONAL USAGE OF RAW MATERIALS DURING ZAVALIVSKIY GRAPHITE DE-POSIT DEVELOPMENT

UDC 553.04-553.69 (477) • Issue 3(31)/2020  • 5 – 15 pages •

https://doi.org/10.15407/geotech2020.31.005

Geohìm. tehnog. (2020) 3 (30) :5-15

Yatsenko V.G., Zaborovska L.P.,  Zemskov G.O., Lyzhachenko N.M., Nikolaevskiy V.P.

Yatsenko V.G., Ph.D. (Geol), Leading Researcher, State Institution “The Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, vgyatsenko@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8113-5702

Zaborovska L.P., Ph.D. (Geol), Researcher, State Institution “The Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, zaborovskayalp63@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-5528

Zemskov G.O., Researcher, State Institution “Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, zemskovgennadii2020@gmail.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7445-5329

Lyzhachenko N.M., Ph.D. (Geol), Senior Researcher, State Institution “Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine”, albeet@ukr.net, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8598-0551

Nikolaevskiy V.P., Chief geologist, Private joint stock company “Zavalivskiy Graphite Plant”, nvp49ktv@gmail.com , https://orcid.org/0000-003-3180-3036

Anotation

Based on the analysis of the Zavalivskyi graphite deposit exploitation prospects, the article outlines the ways of rational development and integrated use of its raw materials, which include transition to the underground and combined extraction of the graphite ores, improvement of the enrichment schemes, expanding of the range of the Zavalivskyi graphite plant’s production, use of the spent quarry for overburden and tailings dumping. An important component of the rational exploitation of the Zavalivskyi graphite deposit is the integrated use of its raw materials: (1) the deposit is the only one in Ukraine which mines pomegranate ores, which  have good prospects nowadays; in terms of the technical characteristics, the pomegranate concentrate from Zavalivskyi graphite deposit is not inferior to that from other world producers; (2) the plant does not use all possible amount of the overburden rock formations for building-stone production; (3) the overburden sands, clays and loam have high technological characteristics and the economic feasibility study of their selective development should be envisaged; (4) graphite ore flotation tailings need further study to be used in the building and glass industries; (5) use of mineral pigments (ocher, seladonite) is possible after selective extraction, special separate storage and development of an enrichment and preparation technology; (6) jasper, chalcedony and opal specimens from Zavalivskyi graphite deposit have high decorative, textural and consumer characteristics and are suitable for production of various jewellery and decorative items; (7) among the host rocks of Zavalivskyi graphite deposit there are veins of unique, rare mineral – grautite; also mineralogically interesting is the presence of barite, horsex, pyrite, galena, coarse-grained graphite clusters, etc. Selling of these specimens as collectibles and organization of mineralogical excursions can also give some economic effect. The introduction of rational methods of development and integrated use of Zavalivskyi graphite deposit will make this object strategically important for the economy of Ukraine.

Key words: Ukrainian shield, Zavalivskiy graphite deposit, graphite ore, rational development of the deposit, integrated use of mineral resources.

Article



References

  1. Buzilo, V.I., Savelyeva, T.S., Savelyev, V.A., Fomichev, V.V. (2011), Instytut Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energia. Krakow. RU. рp. 392–400 с.
  2. Byzov, V.F., Gubin, G.V., Gurin, V.A. (1996). Razrabotka rudnikh mesgorozhdeniy: nauch.-tekhn. sb., 59. RU. pp.22-26
  3. Virtual’naya kollektsiya kamney i mineralov. Klub lyubiteley kamnya. Available at: http://www.kievstone.zzz.com.ua/trips2.php .
  4. Hursʹkyy, D.S., Yesypchuk, K.YU., V.I. Kalinin, YE.O. ta in. (2006). Metalichni i nemetalichni korysni kopalyny Ukrayiny, Kyyiv-Lviv: Tsentr Yevropy. UA. 551 p.
  5. Dubyna, I.V. (1939), Grafitovyye mestorozhdeniya Ukrainskoy SSR, Khar’kov: GONTI. RU. 208 p.
  6. Yelina, A.B., Lyakh, O.A. (2018).. Zabaykal’skiy gos. universitet, Chita. RU. 103–108 p.
  7. Kalashnik, A.A., Kovrizhkin, N.A., Kovalev, S.G. (2012). Míneral’ní resursi Ukraíni, RU. pp. 19–22.
  8. Kvasnytsya, V.M., Naumenko YE.V. (2017). Journal. 1 (39). UA. pp. 11 – 18.
  9. Koval’chuk, L.N. (2001). Treshchinovatost’ chastits granata iz kontsentratov nekotorykh mestorozhdeniy mira. Geologo-míneralopchniy vísnik. 1. RU. pp. 106–109.
  10. Kravchenko, I. Agaty Zaval’yevskogo mestorozhdeniya grafita. Sevastopol’skiy muzey kamnya. Available at: http://www.sevstone.ru/articles/agaty-zavaljevskogo-mestorozhdenija-grafita-kogda-neverojatnoe-stanovitsja-vozmozhnym/ (data obrashcheniya: 26.11.2019).
  11. Kushniruk, N.V., Zhavneryk, V.S. (2009). Materialy mizhnar. nauk.-tekhn. konferentsiyi (Kryvyy Rih, 12-16 travnya 2009). pp.271-272.
  12. Lavrov, D.A., Kanevskiy, A.YA., Gordeyev F.M. (1975). Abrazivnyye granaty Ukrainy. Nauka, Moskow. RU. pp. 90–94.
  13. Larichkin, F.D. (2004). Terminologicheskiye problemy kompleksnogo ispol’zovaniya mineral’nogo syr’ya. Tsvetnaya metallurgiya. 12. pp.29-36.
  14. Larichkin, F.D. (2012). Vestnik Kol’skogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN.4. RU. pp. 8–14.
  15. Lyzhachenko, N.M., Nikolayevskyy, V.P. (2013). Perspektyvy vykorystannya resursnoyi bazy Zavallivskoho rodovyshcha hrafitu. Visnyk kyyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka. 2(61). UA. pp. 41–44.
  16. Matkovskyy, O.I. (2019). Nadrokorystuvannya v Ukrayini. Perspektivy investuvannya: shosta mizhnarodna naukovo-praktychna konferentsiya (Truskavets, 7–11 zhovtnya 2019). pp. 9–14.
  17. Mirzayev, G.G. Ivanov, B.A. Shcherbakov, V.M. i dr. (1991). Nedra: Moskow. RU. 320 p.
  18. Mostyka, Ye.N. (2012). Naukoviy vísnik NGU.RU. pp. 5-9.
  19. Moya kollektsiya: porody i minobrazovaniya kremnezema. Mineraly ot Leonida. Available at: https://www.leonmin.ru/moya-kollekciya-porody-i-minobrazovaniya-kremnezema/
  20. Pedan, M.P., Mishchenko, V.S. (1981). Kompleksnoye ispol’zovaniye mineral’nykh resursov. Dumka:Kiev. RU. 272 p.
  21. Syvyy, M.YA. (2009). Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriya heohrafichna. UA. pp. 65–75.
  22. Skakun, L., Manchur, B., Martyshyn, A. (2003). Mineralohichnyy zbirnyk. 1–2 (53). UA. pp. 49–58.
  23. Surova V.M. Teksturno-kolorystychni osoblyvosti ta hemolohichni kharakterystyky yashm Zavallivsʹkoho rodovyshcha hrafitu. Scientific World. Available at: https://www.sworld.com.ua/index.php/ru/geology-311/general-and-regional-geology-311/7881-teksturnokoloristichn-osoblivost-ta-gemologchn (data obrashchenyya: 25.11.2019).
  24. Surova, V.M., Lyashok, V.I. (2012).Koshtovne ta dekoratyvne kaminnya.. 3. UA. pp. 8-11.
  25. Tarasova, T.V, Hubina, V.H., Kvashuk, L.P., Horlytskyy, B.O i dr. (2011).. Lohos : UA. 199 p.
  26. Shakina, K., Skakun, L. (2010). Mineralohichnyy zbirnyk.1 (60). UA. pp. 70–85.
  27. Shar iz yashmy, 56 mm. Kamnevedy [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL: https://kamnevedy.ru/category/shary_200/kupit-suveniry-shar-yashmy_21636/.
  28. Yatsenko, V.G. (2008). Geologiya, mineralogiya i genezis grafita Ukrainskogo shchita. Logos:Kyev, RU. 127 p.
  29. Whoriskey, P. In your phone, in their air. Washington Post. Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/business/batteries/graphite-mining-pollution-in-china/.
  30. Yatsenko, V.G. (2004). (Geol.Congress, Florence, August 20-28), 881 с.