CORROSION PROCESSES AND MINERALIZATION IN METAL-BENTONITE BUFFER SYSTEM

UDC 504.056; 621.039.7 • 📖 Issue 27 / 2017 • 5 — 21 pages

https://doi.org/10.15407/znp2017.27.005

 

Shabalin, B.Zlobenko, O. Lavrynenko, S. Buhera

Shabalin Dr.Habil.Geol. sciences., principal specialist, SI «Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of NAS of Ukraine», b_shabalin.ukr.net

B. Zlobenko senior specialist, SI «Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of NAS of Ukraine», borys.zl@gmail.com

O. Lavrynenko Dr.Habil.Chem. sciences., principal specialist, SI «Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of NAS of Ukraine», o_lavrynenko@ukr.net

S. Buhera junior researcher, SI «Institute of Environmental Geochemistry of NAS of Ukraine», IGNS_Buhera@nas.gov.ua

Abstract

The article presents the preliminary results of the experimental study of the corrosion and mineral formation processes on carbon and stainless steel plates contacting with a clay barrier material (bentonite) as well as the steel corrosion products interaction with the clay under simulated aerobic conditions of the geological repository. After the interaction, the clay and steel samples were studied by X-ray fluorescence analysis, infrared spectroscopy and electron microscopy. The corrosion processes at the steel-bentonite interface have been discovered to be less intensive than in a simulated natural water. The carbon steel samples have undergone the most significant corrosive changes, with the corrosion processes in the aqueous medium being most intensive. In the water-saturated bentonite medium, not only the carbon steel is corroded but the mechanical and chemical properties of the bentonite in the adjacent zones also change due to the corrosion products migration into it.

The transformed bentonite demonstrates changes in the colour, alteration of shrinkage, cracking, and swelling properties, and change of ion exchange capacity values and character. The mobile Fe corrosion products penetrate into bentonite and deposit in its interlayer space in the form of thin iron oxide or iron hydroxide deposits on the walls of microcracks and the outer surface of clay crystals, reducing the hydrophilicity of the bentonites. At the same time, under the given experimental conditions, transformation of montmorillonite into nontronite, saponite or chlorite (which crystalline lattice holds a significant number of Fe+3 ions) was not revealed by the available analytical methods. In the course of the experiment, no corrosion signs were found on the stainless steel plate surface. The bentonite, which was in direct contact with the plate, also did not undergo any changes. Any traces of transition of stainless steel elements into bentonite have not been found.

Key words: geological repository, metal canisters, bentonite, corrosion.

 

Article



Reference

  1. Normy radiatsiinoi bezpeky Ukrainy, dopovnennia, Radiatsiinyi zakhyst vid dzherel potentsiinoho oprominennia, NRBU-97/D-2000 – DGN 6.6.1.-6.5.000-2000.
  2. TR-09-03 (2009), Mineralogical investigations of the interaction between iron corrosion products and bentonite from the NF-PRO Experiments (Phase 2), Stockholm: SKB, 72 p.
  3. TR-13-27 (2013), Localised corrosion of copper canisters in bentonite pore water, Stockholm, SKB, 38 p.
  4. Bradbury, M., Berner, U., Curti, E., Hummel, W., Kosakowski, G., Thoenen, T., The Long Term Geochemical Evolution of the Nearfield of the HLW Repository, NAGRA,TECHNICAL REPORT 12-01.
  5. Sirpa Kumpulainen, Leena Kiviranta, Torbjörn Carlsson, Arto Muurinen, Daniel Svensson, Hiroshi Sasamoto, Mikatzu Yui, Paul Wersin, Dominic Rosch (2010), Long-Term Alteration of Bentonite in the Presence of Metallic Iron, POSIVA, Working Report 2010-71.
  6. POSIVA (2007), Expected evolution of a spent nuclear fuel repository at Olkiluoto, Revised October, Posiva Report 2006-05.
  7. Technical Report NTB 01-08 (2002), Porewater chemistry in compacted re-saturated MX-80 bentonite: Physico-chemical characterisation and geochemical modeling, Wettingen, NAGRA, 52 p.
  8. Horseman, S.T., Higgo, J.J., Alexander, J., Harrington, J.F. (1996), Water, gas and solute movement through argillaceous media, Report CC-96/1, Nuclear Energy Agency, OECD, Paris, FR, 290 p.
  9. Lavrynenko, O., Shabalin, B. (2017), Harakteristika nanorazmernyih chastits magnetita, obrazuyuschihsya na poverhnosti stali v protsesse korrozii, Materialy XIII Vseukrainskoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii, Kryvorizkyi natsionalnyi universytet, Kryvyi Rih, UA, pp.47-52.
  10. Gaucher, E.C., Tournassat, C., Pearson, F.J., Blanc, P., Crouzet, C., Lerouge, C., Altmann, S. (2009), A robust model for pore-water chemistry of clayrock. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 73, pp. 6470–6487.
  11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2009.07.021

  12. King, F. (2008), Corrosion of carbon steel under anaerobic conditions in a repository for SF and HLW in Opalinus Clay,  Nagra Technical Report 08-12,  Nagra, Wettingen, Switzerland.
  13. TR-00-22 (2000), Long term test of buffer material. Final report on the pilot parcels, Stockholm, SKB, 131 p.
  14. Mineralogical investigations of the interaction between iron corrosion products and bentonite from the NF-PRO Experiments, Phase 1, (2009), Stockholm: SKB, 56 p.
  15. TR-01-22 (2001), The anaerobic corrosion of carbon steel and cast iron in artificial groundwaters, Stockholm, SKB, 46 p.
  16. Combarieu, G., Schlegel, M.L., Neff, D., Foy, E., Vantelon, D., Barboux, P., Gin, S. (2011), Glass–iron–clay interactions in a radioactive waste geological disposal: An integrated laboratory-scale experiment, Applied Geochemistry, 26, pp. 65–79.
  17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.11.004

  18. King, F. (2008), Corrosion of carbon steel under anaerobic conditions in a repository for SF and HLW in Opalinus Clay, Nagra Technical Report 08-12, Nagra, Wettingen, Switzerland.