2 (30).5. TRANSFORMATION OF QUALITATIVE COMPOSITION OF DRINKING GROUNDWATER IN THE CENTRAL PART OF DDAB

UDC 556.314:556.388 • Issue 2 (30)/2019 •  pages

Geohìm. tehnog. (2019) 2 (30) :46 — 55
https://doi.org/10.15407/geotech2019.30.046

Udalov I. V., Levoniuk S. M.

Udalov I. V., Doctor of Sciences (Geology), Associate Professor, Head of Department, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3844-6481, igorudalov8@gmail.com

Levoniuk S. M., Researcher, Ukrainian Research Institute for Natural Gases, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4073-8152, sergii.levonyuk@gmail.com

Abstract

A modern conceptual approach to a study of the ecological and hydrogeological transformation of qualitative composition of drinking groundwater of buchak-kaniv aquifer in the central part of Dnipro-Donetsk artesian basin in the current natural-technogenic conditions has been proposed in the article. A rational unification of the indicators that characterize geological, ecological-hydrogeological and neotectonic conditions of territory has been done. According to these conditions natural and technogenic factors of the water quality deterioration of target aquifer have been identified and investigated at the present stage. The spatio-temporal patterns of changes in the chemical composition of studied waters during the period of active complex technogenic influence on the geological environment of region (1960-2015) have been revealed. The main pollutant elements of these waters have been established, with their distribution at depth and surface by genesis. The elements-indicators of qualitative composition transformation of groundwater have been determined. The authors have traced the dynamics to increasing in its content during long-term exploitation at about 20 powerful urban water intakes within the work area. According to this approach, measures for the stabilization of waters chemical composition at buchak-kaniv water intakes of the research area have been developed. The authors justified a methodical approach to the prediction of groundwater ecological condition changes under the influence of established ecological and hydrogeological factors. The measures of eco-friendly groundwater management at strategically important water intakes within the region have been proposed. Recommendations have been given for both existing and prospective water intakes.

 Keywords: conceptual approach, destabilization of groundwater quality, spatio-temporal patterns, elements-indicators, buchak-kaniv water intakes.

Article



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